Tuesday, 11 December 2012

1965-2004


1966
The 28th and final Case Study House is completed: Janss Dev by Buff, Hensman and Associates; it is still intact. This year, John Entenza sells the magazine.

1978
Charles Ormond Eames dies on August 21.

1983
The first American woman goes to space this year.

1984
John Entenza passes away.

1988
Ray Eames dies 10 years to the day of Charles' death.

2004
Lucia Eames, daughter of Charles, founds the Eames Foundation in 2004. They organize tours, maintenance, and restoration of the original building and site.


1954-1964


1955
Charles puts together a short film made up of stills called House – After Five Years of Living.

1956
The Interstate and Defence Highways Act passes. Also, Case Study House No. 17 (by Craig Ellwood, remodelled) is completed.

1957
Case Study House No. 19 by Don Knorr and Elliott Associates was published although it was never built.

1958
Case Study House No. 18 (Fields House by Craig Ellwood, remolded) and No. 21 (Bailey House by Pierre Koenig, remodelled) are finished this year.

1960
Case Study House No. 22 (Stahl house by Pierre Koenig, intact), and No. 23 (Triad by Killingsworth, Brady, Smith and Associates, intact) are completed.

1961
Case Study House No. 24 (Eichler Homes by A. Quincy Jones and Frederick C. Emmons, un-built) is published.

1962
The 25th Case Study House (Frank House by Killingsworth, Brady, Smith and Associates, intact) and the 27th (Campbell and Wong, un-built) are printed. Also Andy Warhol exhibits his Campbell’s Soup Cans.

1963
The Harrison House by David Thorne (or the 26th Case Study House) is complete. It              .                                                                         is still intact today.

1964
The American Civil Rights Act passes this year. The Case Study Homes of 1964 are CSA 1 (Triad Apts by Alfred N. Beadle and Dailey Associates, intact) and CSA 2 (Whiteman Apts by Killingsworth-Brady and Associate, un-built).

1945-1953


1945
The Case Study Program is introduced in Art and Architecture Magazine and the Second World War ends months later. Charles Eames signs up with Eero Saarinen as one of the many architects. Eero is needed because Charles is not a licensed architect; however the house is his design. By December the site is picked and the plans are published. The first Case Study House designed by J. R. Davidson is published, but never built. The US drops the atomic bomb, Germany surrenders, Hitler commits suicide and United Nations is founded. Furthermore, the first computer (ENIAC) was built.

1946
The bikini was invented in 1946 and the designs for Case Study Homes 11 (by J.R. Davidson, demolished), 12 (by Whitney R. Smith, un-built) and 13 (by Richard Neutra, un-built) were completed.

1947
Case Study homes 17 (by Rodney Walker, intact), 2 (by Sumner Spaulding and John Rex, intact), 10 (by Kemper Nomland, intact), and 16, 3 (by Rodney Walker, demolished) are constructed. Moreover, the Evans Production moves to Michigan and they move the Herman Miller Furniture Corporation. The Molded Plywood division is dissolved and becomes the Eames office. Also the Polaroid camera is invented and William Levitt builds the first successful suburb in Norfolk, VA., called Levittown.

1948
Gandhi is assassinated, the “Big Bang Theory” is formulated and the Eames House parts Arrive. They were delayed due to shortages during the war. Case Study Homes 1 (1 by J. R. Davidson and Greta Davidson, collaboration, intact), 7 (by Thornton M. Abell, intact), 18 (West house by Rodney walker), 20 (Bass by Straub and Hensman, Saul Bass, collaboration, intact) are constructed.

1949
This year NATO is established. The Eames House is redesigned in May by and is built by December and the Eames move in on Christmas Eve. Beside the Eames house, Case Study House No. 9 (Entenza House by Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen, remodelled) is completed. By now John Entenza is running into financial trouble and is having difficulty supporting Charles’s project.

1950
John Entenza sues Charles Eames for a 50% share of royalties in molded plywood furniture by Evans Production since 1943. The Case Study House for 1905 (by Raphael Soriano) is finished, now remodelled.

1953

The Case Study House for 1953 (No. 4 by Craig Ellwood, intact) is published and the first issue of Playboy Magazine is printed.

1934-1944


1935
Alcoholics Anonymous is founded.

1936
The Hoover Dam is completed.

1937
The Golden Gate Bridge opens and the Hindenburg Disaster occurs.

1938

Charles goes under the tutelage of Eliel Saarinen. At the same time John Entenza buys the California Art and Architecture magazine, then changes the name to Art and Architecture. People’s imaginations are also blooming as proven by the broadcast of War of The Worlds which ensues panic in New York.

1939

After a long build-up, WW2 begins.

1940

In France, cave paintings from the Stone Age are found and Charles meets Ray at Cranbrook Academy. Charles works at the academy and and at Eero Saarinen’s office while Ray attends classes at Cranbrook.

1941
Ray and Charles marry in Chicago during June, and in July move to California. This year is also when the Manhattan Project begins.

1942
Charles Eames and John Entenza nurture their friendship by coauthoring an architectural forum.

1943
IM Pei and E H Du Hart house 1943 is published in Art and Architecture, called “Design for Post War Living” along with De Stijl’s work; inspiring the Eames and influencing the fa├žade of the Eames House.

1944

A whole issue of Art and Architecture is dedicated to wood-moulded furniture.



1925-1933


1925
Charles enters Washington University in St. Louis, however he will not leave with the architectural degree he pursues. This year the impending war is being set up by Hitler who publishes Mein Kampf.

1929

Charles marries his fellow student Catherine Woermann. The honeymoon is in Mexico, in which Charles finds inspiration to design churches. He goes on to design several churches before he starts on the Eames House. This year the stock market crashes as well, and the first academy award is presented.

1930
Gandhi starts the Salt march as a nonviolent protest, meanwhile Charles designs in St. Louis, Missouri and Arkansas.

1932
This year air conditioning is invented; scientists split the atom.

1933

Prohibition ends in the USA.

1915-1924

                                                           
1915
D. W. Griffith’s The Birth of a Nation is premiered.


1916
The first self-service grocery store in the USA is established.

1917
The United States of America enters WWI.

1918
WWI ends, however the soldiers bring back the Spanish Flu and a pandemic ensues.

1919
The Treaty of Versailles officially end WWI.

1920
In the USA women are granted the right to vote this year. The 1st commercially radio broadcast is aired and prohibition in America begins.

1922

Insulin is discovered, as is the Tomb of King Tut.

1923

Talking movies are established; which Charles would have been very excited about.

1924

The first Winter Olympics take place in Chamonix, France and gathered the world to focus on world love.


1906-1914


1906

This year, Finland became the first country in Europe to give women the
right to vote and Einstein proposed the Special Theory of Relativity.

1907

On June 17th Charles Ormond Eames was born. This was also the Year
that Picasso introduced cubism to the art world. Furthermore the rules of
war were established at the second World Peace Conference. 


1908

Ford introduces the T-model vehicle.

1912
On December 15 Ray Kaiser was born. That year, The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People) is founded and the Titanic sinks.

1913
Henry Ford creates the assembly to starting the mass production of commercially available products.
1914
On July 28; WWI begins. The auto industry sees growth, and the first
traffic light is set up.